Types of Small Business Loans

In 2021, entrepreneurs filed 5.4 million applications to start new businesses, and this trend showed no signs of slowing in 2022. Of course, starting a business requires capital, and even if you have a groundbreaking idea for a new venture, that doesn’t guarantee you’ll get the funding you need. 

In this post, we’ll cover the various types of small business loans, their use cases, and how to choose which one is best for your startup or your existing business. 

Traditional Small Business Loans

If you’ve ever had a mortgage or a car loan, you’re familiar with how traditional loans work: You apply for a certain amount of funding and a lender evaluates your ability to repay it. If you qualify for the loan, your creditworthiness will affect the interest rate on your loan. Borrowers with poor credit will pay more in interest than borrowers with stellar credit. 

Most types of business loans for small business work similarly. You repay your loan amount over time, with an interest rate set by your lender. Business loans can be “secured” just like mortgages or auto loans, which use your car or home as collateral, or they can be “unsecured.” These are the key differences:

What You Need to Know About Loan Interest Rates

Small business loans may have interest rates that are either fixed or variable. Here’s the difference between the two: 

Small Business Line of Credit 

Like a small business loan, a line of credit may be secured or unsecured. But whereas an installment loan provides a lump sum of cash, a line of credit is funding that is available if and when you need it. If a lender approves you for a $200,000 line of credit, you can draw against that amount as needed and you’re only obligated to repay the amount you use, as well as any interest on that amount. 

A business line of credit is best suited to situations in which you need capital to cover variable costs. Seasonality, rapid growth, large customer invoices, and unexpected costs are all good examples of when having a line of credit would be helpful.

Business Credit Card  

Many entrepreneurs rely on business credit cards to cover everyday costs like supplies. A business credit card functions like a loan, in that you agree to make minimum payments at a specific interest rate. But depending on how you use the card, you could end up paying a lot more for purchases than you’d planned. 

Some credit card companies may charge a low introductory rate that increases dramatically if you don’t pay your balance in full within a certain timeframe. If you’re late with a payment, you’ll likely have to pay a late fee, and the credit card provider may then lower your credit limit and/or increase your interest rate. On the plus side, borrowers with lower credit scores may be able to use timely credit card payments to rebuild their credit. 

Convertible Debt

Convertible debt is part investment, part loan. The way it typically works is: An early-stage startup receives a “loan” from an investor that they then repay over time. If it is not paid back in time, the debt converts to equity. Entrepreneurs considering this type of arrangement should consult an attorney, as the terms of these deals can vary considerably. 

Applying for Small Business Loans

The application process for all types of small business loans is unique to each lender. Some of these processes are much more stringent than others. For example, if you plan to apply for a U.S. Small Business Association 7(a) loan to cover your working capital needs, you’ll have to complete and provide several documents, including:

You’ll also need to prove that you’ve sought other means of financing, such as using your personal assets or savings to finance your business. And the SBA may request additional documentation as they assess your need and creditworthiness.

Fortunately, when you apply for small business loans online, the process is often much simpler.

An Easier Way to Support Your Business

Whether you need to cover payroll, purchase inventory, or invest in marketing, Aion can help. We offer flexible financing solutions from $10,000 to $2 million, with a simple portal that lets you access and manage funds right from your smartphone or desktop. 

Start growing your business now with Aion. Apply today!